HealthDay

Many Immunosuppressed Persons Join in Hurricane Cleanup

FRIDAY, May 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- About half of immunosuppressed persons reported participating in cleanup activities following Hurricane Harvey, and less than half of those who performed heavy cleanup reported wearing a respirator, according to research published in the May 31 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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Stepped Tx for Alcohol Use Disorder Studied in HIV Patients

THURSDAY, May 30, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Integrated stepped alcohol treatment (ISAT) reduces alcohol consumption in patients with HIV and a known drinking problem, according to a study published online May 17 in The Lancet HIV
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HealthDay

Ultra-Processed Food Intake Linked to Increased CVD Risk

THURSDAY, May 30, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Ultra-processed food consumption is associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality, according to two studies published online May 29 in The BMJ
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HealthDay

Incidence Rates for Aggressive Uterine Cancers on the Rise

WEDNESDAY, May 29, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Hysterectomy-corrected uterine cancer incidence rates show that nonendometrioid carcinoma rates have been increasing among all women, according to a study published online May 22 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology
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Eczema-Related School Absences Higher Among Blacks, Hispanics

WEDNESDAY, May 29, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Hispanic and black children are more likely than white children to miss school due to atopic dermatitis (AD), according to a research letter published online May 22 in JAMA Dermatology
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Meds for Weight Management Underutilized Among Veterans

TUESDAY, May 28, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Weight management medications (WMM) are underutilized among veterans, according to a study published online May 15 in Obesity
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Higher BMI in Male Teens Tied to Cardiomyopathy in Adulthood

TUESDAY, May 28, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Increased body mass index (BMI) in adolescence is associated with an increased risk for cardiomyopathy in adulthood among men, according to a study published online May 28 in Circulation
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HealthDay

Regulation of Intestinal Microbiota Beneficial for Anxiety

TUESDAY, May 28, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Regulation of the intestinal microbiota appears to be effective for improving anxiety symptoms, with nonprobiotic interventions performing better than probiotic interventions, according to a review published online May 17 in General Psychiatry
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AI Model Can Improve Accuracy of Lung Cancer Screening

TUESDAY, May 28, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Deep learning models can improve the accuracy of lung cancer screening, according to a study published online May 20 in Nature Medicine
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Migraines in Pregnancy Tied to Worse Outcomes for Mother, Baby

FRIDAY, May 24, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Migraines in pregnant women are associated with an increased risk for pregnancy-associated hypertension disorders as well as an increased risk for a variety of adverse outcomes in the newborn, according to a study published online May 8 in Headache
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HealthDay

LDL Decreased With LDL-Apheresis in ACS Patients

FRIDAY, May 24, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Removal of low-density lipoproteins (LDL) by extracorporeal filtration during LDL-apheresis (LDL-A) is associated with a large reduction in mean LDL in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, held from May 19 to 20 in Las Vegas
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HealthDay

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Linked to Cancer Diagnosis in Women

FRIDAY, May 24, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with cancer diagnosis, especially among women, according to a research letter published online May 20 in the European Respiratory Journal
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HealthDay

Women With COPD Have Worse QoL, Increased Symptom Burden

THURSDAY, May 23, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Compared with men, women with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have reduced respiratory-specific and general quality of life (QoL) and are more likely to be symptomatic, according to a study presented at the American Thoracic Society 2019 International Conference, held from May 17 to 22 in Dallas
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HealthDay

CDC: Cancer Death Rates Decreased, Heart Disease Deaths Rose

THURSDAY, May 23, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Cancer death rates declined for adults aged 45 to 64 years from 1999 to 2017, while heart disease death rates decreased to 2011 and then increased, according to the May 22 National Vital Statistics Reports, a publication from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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HealthDay

Bystander Resuscitation Attempted Less Often for Women in Cardiac Arrest

WEDNESDAY, May 22, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- In out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), women are less often resuscitated than men, and they have lower survival rates with resuscitation, according to a study published online May 21 in the European Heart Journal
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HealthDay

Incidence of Parkinson Disease Increased in Bipolar Disorder

WEDNESDAY, May 22, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Patients with bipolar disorder (BD) have an increased incidence of Parkinson disease (PD), according to a study published online May 22 in Neurology
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HealthDay

Targeted Laser Surgery Treats Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

WEDNESDAY, May 22, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT) targeting greater amygdala volume is more likely to be associated with Engel I outcomes for mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE), according to a study published online May 21 in Epilepsia
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Closed ICU Model May Reduce Hospital-Acquired Infections

WEDNESDAY, May 22, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- A closed intensive care unit (ICU) model, whereby a patient is evaluated and admitted under an intensivist and orders involving patient care are written by the ICU team, is associated with a reduction in certain types of hospital-acquired infections, according to a study presented at the American Thoracic Society 2019 International Conference, held from May 17 to 22 in Dallas
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Non-Rx Fentanyl Up in Urine Tests Positive for Other Drugs

TUESDAY, May 21, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- An increasing number of urine drug test (UDT) results positive for cocaine or methamphetamine are also positive for nonprescribed fentanyl, according to a study recently published in JAMA Network Open
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HealthDay

Fracture Risk Tool Useful for Women on Aromatase Inhibitors

TUESDAY, May 21, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- The FRAX fracture risk tool can stratify fracture risk equally well among women receiving aromatase inhibitor (AI) therapy for breast cancer and nonusers of AI therapy, according to a study published online May 9 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research
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HealthDay

Postoperative Infection Rate Similar Across Biologics in RA

MONDAY, May 20, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- For patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) undergoing arthroplasty, the risk for postoperative infection is similar across biologics but is increased with glucocorticoid use, according to a study published online May 21 in the Annals of Internal Medicine
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HealthDay

Medicaid Expansion Cuts Racial Disparities in Preterm Births

MONDAY, May 20, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Overall, state Medicaid expansion did not significantly impact rates of low birth weight or preterm birth outcomes from 2011 to 2016, but there were significant improvements in disparities for black infants relative to white infants for states that expanded Medicaid versus those that did not, according to a study published in the April 23/30 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association
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HealthDay

DDW: Ingested Button Battery Can Cause Gastric Injury

MONDAY, May 20, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Ingestion of a button battery (BB) can cause mucosal damage in pediatric patients, even without symptoms, according to a study presented at the 2019 Digestive Disease Week, held from May 18 to 21 in San Diego
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HealthDay

Prenatal Care App Can Reduce In-Person Obstetric Visits

FRIDAY, May 17, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- The use of a mobile prenatal care app can reduce in-person obstetric (OB) visits but does not impact patient or provider satisfaction, according to a study published in the May issue of JMIR mHealth and uHealth
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Cancer Screening Less Likely Among Current Smokers

FRIDAY, May 17, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Current smokers are less likely to receive guideline-concordant screening studies for breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer versus never smokers, according to a study published online May 17 in JAMA Network Open
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Quitting Smoking Lowers Risk for Bladder Cancer Postmenopause

FRIDAY, May 17, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Among postmenopausal women, former smokers have a reduced risk for bladder cancer within the first 10 years of cessation, which continues to decline over time but remains elevated compared with never smokers, according to a study published in the May issue of Cancer Prevention Research
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Study Describes TBI Caregiver QOL Measurement System

FRIDAY, May 17, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- A new tool, the Traumatic Brain Injury Caregiver Quality of Life (TBI-CareQOL), combines five new measures and 10 existing measures and can identify health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among caregivers of individuals with TBI, according to a study published in the April issue of the Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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Low-Fat Dietary Pattern Cuts Breast Cancer Deaths

THURSDAY, May 16, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- A low-fat dietary intervention is associated with reductions in deaths after breast cancer and deaths from breast cancer among postmenopausal women after long-term follow-up, according to a study scheduled to be presented at the annual meeting of the American Society for Clinical Oncology, held from May 31 to June 4 in Chicago
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AI Model Uses Serial Imaging to Predict Lung Cancer Tx Response

THURSDAY, May 16, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- For patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), deep-learning networks integrating computed tomography (CT) scans at multiple time points can improve clinical outcome predictions, according to a study published online April 22 in Clinical Cancer Research
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Poll: Many Adults Worried About Developing Dementia

THURSDAY, May 16, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Many adults are worried about developing dementia and about half report taking steps to maintain or improve memory, according to a report published by the National Poll on Healthy Aging
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