HealthDay

Migraines in Pregnancy Tied to Worse Outcomes for Mother, Baby

FRIDAY, May 24, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Migraines in pregnant women are associated with an increased risk for pregnancy-associated hypertension disorders as well as an increased risk for a variety of adverse outcomes in the newborn, according to a study published online May 8 in Headache
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LDL Decreased With LDL-Apheresis in ACS Patients

FRIDAY, May 24, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Removal of low-density lipoproteins (LDL) by extracorporeal filtration during LDL-apheresis (LDL-A) is associated with a large reduction in mean LDL in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, held from May 19 to 20 in Las Vegas
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Obstructive Sleep Apnea Linked to Cancer Diagnosis in Women

FRIDAY, May 24, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with cancer diagnosis, especially among women, according to a research letter published online May 20 in the European Respiratory Journal
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Women With COPD Have Worse QoL, Increased Symptom Burden

THURSDAY, May 23, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Compared with men, women with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have reduced respiratory-specific and general quality of life (QoL) and are more likely to be symptomatic, according to a study presented at the American Thoracic Society 2019 International Conference, held from May 17 to 22 in Dallas
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CDC: Cancer Death Rates Decreased, Heart Disease Deaths Rose

THURSDAY, May 23, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Cancer death rates declined for adults aged 45 to 64 years from 1999 to 2017, while heart disease death rates decreased to 2011 and then increased, according to the May 22 National Vital Statistics Reports, a publication from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Bystander Resuscitation Attempted Less Often for Women in Cardiac Arrest

WEDNESDAY, May 22, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- In out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), women are less often resuscitated than men, and they have lower survival rates with resuscitation, according to a study published online May 21 in the European Heart Journal
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Incidence of Parkinson Disease Increased in Bipolar Disorder

WEDNESDAY, May 22, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Patients with bipolar disorder (BD) have an increased incidence of Parkinson disease (PD), according to a study published online May 22 in Neurology
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Targeted Laser Surgery Treats Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

WEDNESDAY, May 22, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT) targeting greater amygdala volume is more likely to be associated with Engel I outcomes for mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE), according to a study published online May 21 in Epilepsia
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Closed ICU Model May Reduce Hospital-Acquired Infections

WEDNESDAY, May 22, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- A closed intensive care unit (ICU) model, whereby a patient is evaluated and admitted under an intensivist and orders involving patient care are written by the ICU team, is associated with a reduction in certain types of hospital-acquired infections, according to a study presented at the American Thoracic Society 2019 International Conference, held from May 17 to 22 in Dallas
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Non-Rx Fentanyl Up in Urine Tests Positive for Other Drugs

TUESDAY, May 21, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- An increasing number of urine drug test (UDT) results positive for cocaine or methamphetamine are also positive for nonprescribed fentanyl, according to a study recently published in JAMA Network Open
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Fracture Risk Tool Useful for Women on Aromatase Inhibitors

TUESDAY, May 21, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- The FRAX fracture risk tool can stratify fracture risk equally well among women receiving aromatase inhibitor (AI) therapy for breast cancer and nonusers of AI therapy, according to a study published online May 9 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research
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Postoperative Infection Rate Similar Across Biologics in RA

MONDAY, May 20, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- For patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) undergoing arthroplasty, the risk for postoperative infection is similar across biologics but is increased with glucocorticoid use, according to a study published online May 21 in the Annals of Internal Medicine
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Medicaid Expansion Cuts Racial Disparities in Preterm Births

MONDAY, May 20, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Overall, state Medicaid expansion did not significantly impact rates of low birth weight or preterm birth outcomes from 2011 to 2016, but there were significant improvements in disparities for black infants relative to white infants for states that expanded Medicaid versus those that did not, according to a study published in the April 23/30 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association
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DDW: Ingested Button Battery Can Cause Gastric Injury

MONDAY, May 20, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Ingestion of a button battery (BB) can cause mucosal damage in pediatric patients, even without symptoms, according to a study presented at the 2019 Digestive Disease Week, held from May 18 to 21 in San Diego
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Prenatal Care App Can Reduce In-Person Obstetric Visits

FRIDAY, May 17, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- The use of a mobile prenatal care app can reduce in-person obstetric (OB) visits but does not impact patient or provider satisfaction, according to a study published in the May issue of JMIR mHealth and uHealth
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Cancer Screening Less Likely Among Current Smokers

FRIDAY, May 17, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Current smokers are less likely to receive guideline-concordant screening studies for breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer versus never smokers, according to a study published online May 17 in JAMA Network Open
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Quitting Smoking Lowers Risk for Bladder Cancer Postmenopause

FRIDAY, May 17, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Among postmenopausal women, former smokers have a reduced risk for bladder cancer within the first 10 years of cessation, which continues to decline over time but remains elevated compared with never smokers, according to a study published in the May issue of Cancer Prevention Research
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Study Describes TBI Caregiver QOL Measurement System

FRIDAY, May 17, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- A new tool, the Traumatic Brain Injury Caregiver Quality of Life (TBI-CareQOL), combines five new measures and 10 existing measures and can identify health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among caregivers of individuals with TBI, according to a study published in the April issue of the Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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Low-Fat Dietary Pattern Cuts Breast Cancer Deaths

THURSDAY, May 16, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- A low-fat dietary intervention is associated with reductions in deaths after breast cancer and deaths from breast cancer among postmenopausal women after long-term follow-up, according to a study scheduled to be presented at the annual meeting of the American Society for Clinical Oncology, held from May 31 to June 4 in Chicago
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HealthDay

AI Model Uses Serial Imaging to Predict Lung Cancer Tx Response

THURSDAY, May 16, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- For patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), deep-learning networks integrating computed tomography (CT) scans at multiple time points can improve clinical outcome predictions, according to a study published online April 22 in Clinical Cancer Research
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Poll: Many Adults Worried About Developing Dementia

THURSDAY, May 16, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Many adults are worried about developing dementia and about half report taking steps to maintain or improve memory, according to a report published by the National Poll on Healthy Aging
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FDA: Tattoo Inks Recalled Due to Bacterial Contamination

WEDNESDAY, May 15, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Six tattoo inks have been recalled because they are contaminated with bacteria and could lead to infection that poses a serious health risk, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says
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Worldwide Prevalence of Eating Disorders Increased Since 2000

WEDNESDAY, May 15, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Eating disorders are highly prevalent worldwide, especially among women, according to research published in the May issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus Cases Increased in 2004 to 2012

TUESDAY, May 14, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- From 2004 to 2012, there was a more than threefold increase in the incidence of herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) across the United States, according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, held from April 28 to May 2 in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
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Home-Based Cardiac Rehab May Be Option for Some Heart Patients

TUESDAY, May 14, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- For low- to moderate-risk patients, home-based cardiac rehabilitation (HBCR) may be a reasonable alternative to center-based cardiac rehabilitation (CBCR), according to a joint scientific statement issued by the American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation, the American Heart Association, and the American College of Cardiology. The statement was published online May 13 in Circulation, the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, and the Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
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Parkinson Disease Risk Up After Appendectomy

MONDAY, May 13, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- The risk for Parkinson disease is increased after appendectomy, according to a study presented at the 2019 Digestive Disease Week, held from May 18 to 21 in San Diego
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Prior Training Increases Internists' Knowledge of PrEP for HIV

MONDAY, May 13, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- For internal medicine (IM) residents, prior training is associated with higher levels of knowledge, comfort, and prescribing behaviors for preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV, according to a study published online April 24 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine
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Higher Risk for Cancer, Mortality Seen With Pediatric-Onset IBD

MONDAY, May 13, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Individuals with pediatric-onset inflammatory bowel disease (pIBD) have an increased risk for cancer and mortality, according to a study published online May 9 in Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
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Rate of Ordering Cancer Screening Tests Decreases During Clinic Day

FRIDAY, May 10, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- As the clinic day progresses, the rate of clinician ordering of breast and colorectal cancer screening tests decreases, according to a study published online May 10 in JAMA Network Open
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Doctors Aware of Patient Difficulties Affording Medical Care

FRIDAY, May 10, 2019 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Physicians are aware of patients' difficulty with affording medical care and consider out-of-pocket costs in their decision making, according to an article published in a supplement to the May 7 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine
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