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Weekly Summary -- December 14, 2018

Friday, Dec. 14, 2018 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Here are what Pharmacist's Briefing editors consider the most important developments for the week of December 14, 2018

The Right Way to Fuel Up Before Workouts

THURSDAY, Dec. 13, 2018 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Mom was right when she said no swimming for an hour after lunch. Even though it takes energy to work out, it's important that exercise doesn't interfere with digestion.

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Anti-Opioid Vaccine Shows Promise in Mice

THURSDAY, Dec. 13, 2018 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- A vaccine that might help combat the opioid epidemic has performed well in early animal testing, researchers report.

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How the Mediterranean Diet Can Help Women's Hearts

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 12, 2018 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Women who stick to a Mediterranean diet have a 25 percent lower risk of heart disease -- and researchers say they're starting to understand why.

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'Experience to Share': Facebook Page Helps Families Hit by Polio-Like Illness

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 12, 2018 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Isolated and afraid, Erin Olivera cast about the internet looking for information about the mysterious paralysis that had stricken her 11-month-old son Lucian.

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Eczema Can Drive People to Thoughts of Suicide: Study

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 12, 2018 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Nearly 28 million Americans are affected by the skin condition eczema, and for some it may become so chronic and severe they consider suicide, new research shows.

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'Easy Way Out'? Stigma May Keep Many From Weight Loss Surgery

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 12, 2018 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- For many obese people, weight loss surgery can be a new lease on life, but too few who qualify for the procedure opt for it.

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Younger Breast Cancer Survivors Suffer More Bone Loss From Treatment

TUESDAY, Dec. 11, 2018 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Younger breast cancer survivors are at increased risk for osteoporosis -- weak, brittle bones -- due to breast cancer treatments, new study finds.

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Hidden Dangers in Dust

TUESDAY, Dec. 11, 2018 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- An antibacterial called triclosan is common in dust and could result in dust-dwelling bacteria becoming antibiotic-resistant, researchers report.

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Nose Holds Clues to Baby's First Cold

TUESDAY, Dec. 11, 2018 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- When a baby starts sniffling and sneezing, the type of bacteria in their nose may predict how long the cold will last, a new study finds.

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FDA Warns of Raw Cookie Dough Dangers

TUESDAY, Dec. 11, 2018 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- As tempting as it might be to sample some raw dough while you're making a batch of cookies this holiday season, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration warns that the guilty pleasure could make you very sick.

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Do Diabetics Really Need to Fast for Blood Tests?

TUESDAY, Dec. 11, 2018 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Fasting before a cholesterol blood test is just a nuisance for most people, but for those with diabetes, it can be dangerous.

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Racial Disparities Seen Among Teens Undergoing Flu Vaccination

FRIDAY, Dec. 14, 2018 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Racial disparities exist among adolescents undergoing influenza vaccination, with lower odds of vaccination among black versus white adolescents, according to a study recently published in Public Health Reports.

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T2DM Linked to Decline in Verbal Memory, Fluency in Older Adults

FRIDAY, Dec. 14, 2018 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Type 2 diabetes is associated with declines in verbal memory and fluency among older community-dwelling adults, according to a study published online Dec. 13 in Diabetologia.

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Medication Beliefs Affect Uptake of Preventive Tx for Breast Cancer

FRIDAY, Dec. 14, 2018 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Beliefs about medication are associated with uptake of tamoxifen as a preventive therapy among women at increased risk for breast cancer, according to a study published online Dec. 2 in Clinical Breast Cancer.

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EHR-Linked Reminder System for Glaucoma Meds Perceived Useful

FRIDAY, Dec. 14, 2018 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Patients with glaucoma generally find an electronic health record (EHR)-linked reminder system for glaucoma medications useful, according to a study published online Dec. 13 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Phone-Based Intervention Aids Rheumatoid Arthritis Care

FRIDAY, Dec. 14, 2018 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- A nurse-based phone education intervention can promote shared decision making in patients with newly diagnosed rheumatoid arthritis (RA), according to a study published online Dec. 5 in Musculoskeletal Care.

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Apixaban Prevents VTE in Cancer Patients Initiating Chemotherapy

FRIDAY, Dec. 14, 2018 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Among patients with cancer starting chemotherapy who are at intermediate-to-high risk, rates of venous thromboembolism are significantly lower for thromboprophylaxis with apixaban versus placebo, according to a study published online Dec. 4 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Early PT Linked to Less Opioid Use in Musculoskeletal Pain

FRIDAY, Dec. 14, 2018 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- For patients with musculoskeletal pain, early physical therapy is associated with reduced subsequent opioid use, according to a study published online Dec. 14 in JAMA Network Open.

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Negative Attitudes Reported Toward Weight-Loss Surgery

THURSDAY, Dec. 13, 2018 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- A large proportion of the U.S. population seems to have negative attitudes toward weight-loss surgery, according to a research letter published online Dec. 12 in JAMA Surgery.

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Risk for Hospitalization for Heart Failure Greater With Diabetes

THURSDAY, Dec. 13, 2018 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Despite declining incidence, heart failure hospitalization is increased among individuals with diabetes, according to a study published in the Dec. 11 issue of Circulation.

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Influenza Hospitalization More Likely in Underweight, Obese

THURSDAY, Dec. 13, 2018 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Adults with influenza are more likely to be hospitalized if they are obese or underweight than if they are normal weight, according to a study published online Dec. 4 in Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses.

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Medication Errors Resulting in Death Most Common in Elderly

THURSDAY, Dec. 13, 2018 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Medication errors in acute care that result in death occur most often in patients older than 75 years, with the most common error category being omitted medicine or ingredient, according to a study published online Nov. 22 in Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy.

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Patient-Reported Outcome Measures May Aid Communication

THURSDAY, Dec. 13, 2018 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Patient-reported outcome measures (PROs) can be useful for measuring symptoms in primary care clinics if clinicians use these measures to improve care, according to patient interview data published in the December issue of Quality of Life Research.

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CDC Identifies Drugs Frequently Involved in Drug Overdose Deaths

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 12, 2018 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- The drugs most commonly involved in drug overdose deaths during 2011 to 2016 include fentanyl, heroin, oxycodone, and cocaine, according to the Dec. 12 issue of the National Vital Statistics Reports, a publication from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Fasting-Evoked Hypoglycemia in Diabetes Is Prevalent

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 12, 2018 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- About 17 percent of patients with diabetes report experiencing hypoglycemia when fasting for lab tests, according to a study recently published in the International Journal of Endocrinology.

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Young Breast Cancer Patients Face Higher Risk for Osteoporosis

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 12, 2018 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- The risk for bone loss rises sharply in young breast cancer patients who received standard treatment, according to a study recently published in Breast Cancer Research.

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FDA: Some E-Cigarette Liquids Contain Erectile Dysfunction Meds

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 12, 2018 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Consumers should not use two electronic cigarette liquids that contain erectile dysfunction drugs because they may pose health risks, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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CDC Identifies Drugs Frequently Involved in Drug Overdose Deaths

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 12, 2018 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- The drugs most commonly involved in drug overdose deaths during 2011 to 2016 include fentanyl, heroin, oxycodone, and cocaine, according to the Dec. 12 issue of the National Vital Statistics Reports, a publication from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Guidelines Developed for Opioid Use in Vaginal Birth

FRIDAY, Dec. 14, 2018 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Guidelines have been developed for use of opioids for uncomplicated spontaneous vaginal birth; the draft consensus guidelines were published online Dec. 4 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Enrollment Under the Affordable Care Act Down From Last Year

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 12, 2018 (Pharmacist's Briefing) -- Enrollment for health insurance under the Affordable Care Act is down with just days left to sign up, according to the U.S. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services.

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